基于超声导波SC-DTW的金属板微损检测方法研究
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重庆大学

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X924

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


Detection of Micro-damage in Metal Plates Based on SC-DTW of Guided Waves
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重庆大学

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    摘要:

    针对金属板材的质量控制与服役性能评估问题,本文在对金属板材微损伤进行超声导波检测的基础上,结合形状上下文与动态时间规整方法对其损伤劣化程度进行了量化评估。该方法以无损Lamb波信号为基准,采用了动态时间规划(Dynamic Time Warping,DWT)算法对损伤Lamb波信号进行匹配相似匹配分析对比,确定基准信号与损伤信号的最佳匹配路径。引入了形状上下文(Shape Context,SC)的轮廓识别方法对Lamb波的局部波形信息进行统计分析,以波形形状距离代替传统DTW的欧式距离匹配方法,解决了Lamb波在DTW相似匹配中的病态对齐问题。最后,将无损Lamb波与损伤Lamb波信号间SC-DTW匹配距离作为铝板损伤程度的量化指标。采用随机闭合裂纹的有限元仿真模型和铝板弯折试验对提出方法进行了验证,结果表明基于Lamb波SC-DTW的损伤量化指数对铝板早期裂纹具有较高的敏感性,对铝板疲劳损伤具有较好的量化表征能力。该方法无需对损伤波包进行识别,也不必进行复杂的损伤特征提取,具有简单高效和抗噪声能力强等优点,在金属板服役性能评估与质量控制中有较好的实用性与推广价值。

    Abstract:

    Aiming to the quality control and service performance evaluation of metal plate, a dynamic time warping of guided waves method based on shape context is proposed to quantify the micro-damage in aluminum plate. Using the Lamb wave signal of intact metal plate as the baseline, the dynamic time warping (DWT) algorithm is applied to match the damage Lamb wave signal to the baseline so as to determine the optimal warping path. The shape context (SC) contour recognition method is introduced to statistically analyze the local waveform information of Lamb waves. The shape distance of waveform is used to replace the Euclidean distance of traditional DTW, and the ill alignment problem in the Lamb signal similarity matching is solved. Finally, the SC-DTW matching distance between damaged signal and baseline is used as a quantitative index to describe the damage degree of aluminum plate. The finite element simulation model of random closed crack and bending test of aluminum plate are used to verify the proposed method. The results show that the proposed SC-DTW method has high sensitivity and noise robustness for early crack damage detection of aluminum plate, and the proposed damage index has a good linear correlation with the fatigue damage degree of aluminum plate. This method does not need to identify the damage wave packet, and does not need to deal with the feature extraction. It has the advantages of simplicity, high efficiency and strong anti-noise ability. It has good practicability and popularization value in the quality control and service performance evaluation of metal plates.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-22
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-25
  • 录用日期:2021-07-05
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-01
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