无人机探测与对抗技术发展及应用综述
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作者单位:

电子科技大学

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

TP274;TP212

基金项目:

国家自然基金(U1733110);四川省科技厅创新人才项目(2020JDRC0007).


A Review of Development and Application of UAV Detection and Counter Technology
Author:
Affiliation:

University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

Fund Project:

National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1733110); Scientific and Technological Innovation and Entrepreneurship Talents and Seedling Engineering Projects in Science & Technology Department of Sichuan Province(2020JDRC0007)

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    摘要:

    无人机的任意使用对公共安全和个人隐私构成了极大的威胁,因此近年来反无人机已成为一个非常重要的新兴领域,越来越多的研究希望通过更精确的无人机探测跟踪技术和引进新机能、新概念技术来更好地反制无人机,从而保证国防安全、公共安全和个人隐私等.基于此,本文对国内外反无人机技术进展进行分析总结,首先对基于雷达,光电,无线和声传感器以及多传感器信息融合算法的无人机检测和分类方法的研究工作进行了全面的综述.之后我们对现有反无人机技术体系的组成及相关系统的优缺点进行了综述,其中讨论了现有的反无人机技术、典型的反无人机系统以及无人机集群对抗技术.最后我们对反无人机领域的研究前景进行展望,为解决低空安全问题奠定了基础.

    Abstract:

    The increasing use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) poses great threats to public security and personal privacy. Therefore, the counter UAV(c-UAV) has became a very important emerging field in recent years. To ensure national defense security, public safety and personal privacy, more and more researchers hope to better counter UAV through more accurate UAV detection and tracking technology and introducing new functions and new concept technologies. This survey summarizes the progress of c-UAV technology at home and abroad, which may help make recommendations and improvements of c-UAV applications for the future. Related researches on UAV detection and classification methods using radar, electro-optical, thermal, and acoustic sensors as well as multi-sensor information fusion algorithms have been thoroughly reviewed in this paper. Afterwards, the composition of the c-UAV technology system and the advantages and disadvantages of related systems are reviewed. At the same time, the c-UAV technology, the well-known c-UAV system and the UAV cluster countermeasure technology are discussed. Finally, we look forward to the research prospects in the field of c-UAV. These work will lay a foundation for solving the low altitude safety problem.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-10-31
  • 最后修改日期:2021-03-19
  • 录用日期:2021-03-29
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-04-26
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